Jul 22 – 25, 2019
ECT* - Villa Tambosi
Europe/Rome timezone
Abstracts submission open. Posters do not require abstract submission.

Universal Dynamics near Non-Thermal Fixed Points

Jul 23, 2019, 4:15 PM
30m
Meeting room (ECT* - Villa Tambosi)

Meeting room

ECT* - Villa Tambosi

Strada delle Tabarelle, 286 38123 - Villazzano (TN) Italy

Speaker

Thomas Gasenzer (Kirchhoff-Institute for Physics, Heidelberg University)

Description

Quenched or continuously driven quantum systems can show universal dynamics near non-thermal fixed points, generically in the form of scaling behaviour in space and time. Systems where such fixed points can be realized encompass post-inflationary evolution of the early universe, cold dark matter, dense neutron stars, heavy-ion collisions, to low-energy dynamics in cold gases. Key aspects of the theory of non-thermal fixed points will be briefly summarized [1,2], as well as recent experimental results for quenched systems [3,4]. Considering scaling transport of excitations to larger wave numbers similar to an inverse cascade, the underlying excitations can be either irregular phase excitations or (quasi) topological defects [5] exhibiting implications for quantum turbulence.

[1] C.-M. Schmied, A. N. Mikheev, T. Gasenzer, Non-thermal fixed points: Universal dynamics far from equilibrium, arXiv:1810.08143 [cond-mat.quant-gas]
[2] A. N. Mikheev, C.-M. Schmied, T. Gasenzer, Low-energy effective theory of non-thermal fixed points in a multicomponent Bose gas, Phys. Rev. A 99, 063622 (2019); arXiv:1807.10228 [cond-mat.quant-gas]
[3] M. Prüfer, P. Kunkel, H. Strobel, S. Lannig, D. Linnemann, C.-M. Schmied, J. Berges, T. Gasenzer, M.K. Oberthaler, Observation of universal dynamics in a spinor Bose gas far from equilibrium, Nature 563, 217 (2018).
[4] S. Erne, R. Bücker, T. Gasenzer, J. Berges and J. Schmiedmayer, Universal dynamics in an isolated one-dimensional Bose gas far from equilibrium, Nature 563, 225 (2018).
[5] M. Karl and T. Gasenzer, Strongly anomalous non-thermal fixed point in a quenched two-dimensional Bose gas, New J. Phys. 19, 093014 (2017).

Primary author

Thomas Gasenzer (Kirchhoff-Institute for Physics, Heidelberg University)

Presentation materials